• 1
    Aoki N., Kawada T., Umeyama T., Sugimoto E. Proteinfactor obtained from rat adipose tissue specifically permits the proliferation of the 3T3-L1 and Obl771 cell lines. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1990; 171: 905912.
  • 2
    Babson AL, Phillips GE. A rapid colorimetric assay for serum lactic dehydrogenase. Clin Chim Acta 1965; 1965: 210215.
  • 3
    Bertrand HA, Lynd FT, Masoro EJ, Yu BP. Changes in adipose mass and cellularity through the adult life of rat fed ad libitum or a life-prolonging restricted diets. J Gerontol 1980;35: 827835.
  • 4
    Bertrand HA, Masoro EJ, Yu BP. Increasing adipocyte number as the basis for perirenal depot growth in adult rats. Science 1978;201: 12341235.
  • 5
    Björntorp P. Adipocyte precursor cells. In: Recent Advances in Obesity Research HI. London: John Libbey., 1981: 5869.
  • 6
    Cushman SW, Salans LB. Determination of adipose tissue cell size and number in the suspensions of isolated rat and human adipose cells. J Lipid Res 1978;19: 269273.
  • 7
    Djian P., Roncari DAK, Hollenberg CH. Influence of anatomic site and age on the replication and differentiation of rat adipocyte precursors in culture. J Clin Invest 1989;83: 17411746.
  • 8
    Faust IM. Factors which affect adipocyte formation in the rat. In: Björntorp P., Cairella M., Howard AN (eds). Recent Advances in Obesity Research III. Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Obesity. London: John Libbey, London. 1981: 5257.
  • 9
    Faust IM, Johnson PR, Stern JS, Hirsh J. Diet-induced adipocyte number increase in adult rats: a new model of obesity. Am J Physiol 1978;235: E279E286.
  • 10
    Freshney RI. Quantitation and Experimental Design. In: Culture of Animal Cells-a manual of basic technique, New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc., 1987: 227244.
  • 11
    Green H., Kehinde O. Sublines of mouse 3T3 cells that accumulate lipids. Cell 1974;1: 113116.
  • 12
    Green H., Kehinde O. Spontaneous heritable changes leading to increased adipose conversion in 3T3 cells. Cell 1976;7: 105113.
  • 13
    Greenwood MRC, Hirsh J. Postnatal development of adipose tissue cellularity in the normal rat. J Lipid Res 1974;15: 474483.
  • 14
    Herberg L., Döppen W., Major E., Gries FA. Dietary-induced hypertrophic- hyperplastic obesity in mice. J Lipid Res 1974;15: 580585.
  • 15
    Hirsh J., Batchelor B. Adipose tissue cellularity in human obesity. Clin Endocrinol Metab 1976;5: 299311.
  • 16
    Hirsh J., Gallian E. Methods for the determination of adipose cell size in man and animals. J Lipid Res 1968; 9: 110119.
  • 17
    Johnson PR, Hirsh J. Cellularity of adipose depots in six strains of genetically obese mice. J Lipid Res 1972; 13: 211.
  • 18
    Kawada T., Aoki N., Sugimoto E. Regulation of preadipocyte proliferation and a growth factor. In: Romsos DR, Himms-Hagen J., Suzuki M., eds. Obesity: Dietary Factors and Control. Tokyo: Japan Sci. Soc. Press/Basel:S. Karger, 1991: 131138.
  • 19
    Kirkland JL, Hollenberg CH, Gillon WS. Age, anatomic site, and the replication and differentiation of adipocyte precursors. Am J Physiol 1990;258: C206C210.
  • 20
    Klyde BJ, Hirsh J. Isotonic labelling of DNA in rat adipose tissue: evidence for proliferating cells associated with mature adipocytes. J Lipid Res 1979;20: 691704.
  • 21
    Klyde BJ, Hirsh J. Increased cellular proliferation in adipose tissue of adult rats fed a high-fat diet. J Lipid Res 1979;20: 705715.
  • 22
    Lemonnier D. Effects of age, sex and site on the cellularity of the adipose tissue in mice and rats rendered obese by high fat diet. J Clin Invest 1972;51: 29072915.
  • 23
    Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randall RJ. Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. J Biol Chem 1951;193: 265275.
  • 24
    Morikawa M., Nixon T., Green H. Growth hormone and the adipose conversion of 3T3 cells. Cell 1982;29: 783789.
  • 25
    Negrel R., Grimaldi P., Ailhaud G. Establishment of a preadipocyte clonal line from epididymal fat pads of ob/ob mouse that responds to insulin and to lipolytic hormones. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1978;75: 60546058.
  • 26
    Oscai LB, Miller WC, Arnall DA. Effects of dietary sugar and of dietary fat on food intake and body fat con-tent in rats. Growth 1987;51: 6473.
  • 27
    Poznansky WJ, Waheed J., Van R. Human fat cell precursors. Morphologic and metabolic differentiation in culture. Lab Invest 1973; 29: 570576.
  • 28
    Van RLR, Roncari DAK. Complete differentiation of adipocyte precursors:a culture system for studying the cellular nature of adipose tissue. Cell Tissue Res 1978; 95: 317329.
  • 29
    Wang H., Kirkland JL, Hollenberg CH. Varying capacities for replication of rat adipocyte precursor clones and adipose tissue growth. J Clin Invest 1989;83: 17411746.