• 1
    Fitzgibbon ML, Kirschenbaum DS. Distressed binge eaters as a distinct subgroup among obese individuals. Addict Behav. 1991;16: 44151.
  • 2
    Spitzer RL, Yanovski S., Wadden T., Wing R., Marcus MD, Stunkard A., et al. Binge eating disorder: its further validation in a multisite study. Int J Eating Disord. 1993; 13: 13753.
  • 3
    Keefe PH, Wyshogrod D., Weinberger E., Agras WS. Binge eating and outcome of behavioral treatment of obesity: a pre liminary report. Behav Res Ther. 1984;22: 31921.
  • 4
    Yanovski SZ, Gormally JF, Leser MS, Gwirtsman HE, Yanovski JA. Binge eating disorder affects outcome of com prehensive very-low-calorie diet treatment. Obes Res. 1994; 2: 20512.
  • 5
    Fairburn CG, Wilson GT. Binge Eating: Nature, Assess ment, and Treatment. New York: Guilford Press; 1993.
  • 6
    Polivey J., Herman CP. Binge eating: Psychological mecha nisms In: Fairburn CG, Wilson GT, eds. Binge Eating: Nature, Assessment, and Treatment. New York: Guilford Press; 1993;20624.
  • 7
    Wilson GT, Nonas CA, Rosenblum GD. Assessment of binge eating in obese patients. Int J Eating Disord. 1993; 13: 2533.
  • 8
    Marcus MD. Binge eating in Obesity. In: Fairburn CG, Wilson GT eds. Binge eating: Nature, Assessment, and Treat ment. New York: Guilford Press; 1993;7796.
  • 9
    Faubel M. Body image and depression in women with early and late onset obesity. J Psychol. 1988;123: 38595.
  • 10
    Telch CG, Agras WS. Obesity, binge eating and psychopathology: are they related? Inr J Eating Disord. 1994; 155361.
  • 11
    Webber EM. Psychological characteristics of binging and non-binging obese women. J Psychol. 1994; 128: 33951.
  • 12
    Kuehnel BH, Wadden TA. Binge eating disorder, weight cycling, and psychopathology. Int J Eating Disord. 1994; 15: 3219.
  • 13
    Marcus MD, Wing RR, Ewing L., Kern E., Gooding W., McDermott M. Psychiatric disorders among obese binge eaters. Int J Eating Disord. 1990;9: 6977.
  • 14
    Marcus MD, Wing RR, Hopkins J. Obese binge eaters: af fect, cognitions, and response to behavioral weight control. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1988;56: 4339.
  • 15
    O'Neill PM, Jarrell MP. Psychological aspects of obesity and dieting. In: Wadden TA, VanItallie TB, eds. Treatment of the Seriously Obese Patient. New York: Guilford Press; 1992;25272.
  • 16
    Prather RC, Williamson DA. Psychopathology associated with bulimia, binge eating, and obesity. Int J Eating Disord. 1988: 7: 17784.
  • 17
    Arnow B., Kenardy J., Agras WS. Binge eating among the obese: a descriptive study. J Behav Med. 1992; 15: 15570.
  • 18
    Christensen L. Effects of eating behavior on mood: review of the literature. Int J Eating Disord. 1993;14: 17183.
  • 19
    McCann KL, Perri MG, Nezu AM, Lowe MR. An investi gation of counterregulatory eating in obese clinic attenders. Int J Eating Disord. 1992;12: 1619.
  • 20
    Rucker CE, Cash TF. Body images, body-size perceptions, and eating behaviors among African-American and White college women. Int J Eating Disord. 1992; 12: 2919.
  • 21
    Davis CJ, Williamson DA, Goreczny AJ, Bennett SM. Body-image disturbances and bulimia nervosa: An empirical analysis of recent revisions of the DSM-III. J Psychoputhol Behav Assess. 1989; 11: 619.
  • 22
    Cash TF. Binge-eating and body images among the obese: a further evaluation. J Soc Behav Perspect 1991; 6: 36776.
  • 23
    Grilo CM, Wilfley DE, Brownell KD, Rodin J. The social self, body dissatisfaction, and binge eating in obese females. Obes Res. 1994;2: 247.
  • 24
    Bernier M., Avard J. Self-efficacy, outcome and attrition in a weight reduction program. Cognit Ther Res. 1986;10: 31938.
  • 25
    Stotland S., Zuroff DC. Relations between multiple measures of dieting self-efficacy and weight change in a behavioral weight control program. Behav Ther. 1992;22: 4759.
  • 26
    Clark MM, Cargill BR, Medeiros ML, Pera V. Changes in self-efficacy following obesity treatment. Obes Res. 1996; 4: 17983.
  • 27
    Lewis VJ, Blair AJ, Booth DA. Outcome of group therapy for body-image emotionality and weight control self-efficacy. Behav Psychother. 1992;20: 15565.
  • 28
    Metropolitan Life Insurance Company New weight standard for men and women. Statistical Bulletin Metropolitan Life Insurance Cornpany. 1959: 40: 14.
  • 29
    Grilo CM, Shiffman S. Longitudinal investigation of the ab stinence violation effect in binge eaters. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1994;62: 6119.
  • 30
    Marcus MD, Moulton MM, Greeno CG. Binge eating onset in obese patients with binge eating disorder. Addict Behav. 1995;20: 74755.
  • 31
    Fairburn CG, Beglin SJ. Assessment of eating disorders: Interview or self-report questionnaire Int J Eating Disord. 1994; 16: 36370.
  • 32
    Stunkard AJ, Sorensen T., Schulsinger F. Use of the Danish adoption register for the study of obesity and thinness. In: Katy SS, Rowland LP, Sidman RL, Matthysse SW. eds. Genetics of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders. New York: Raven Press; 1983.
  • 33
    Wilfley DE, Schwartz MB, Spurrell B., Fairburn CG. As sessing the specific psychopathology of binge eating disorder patients: Interview or self-report Behav Res Ther. 1997; 35: 11519.
  • 34
    Beglin SJ, Fairburn CG. Evaluation of a new instrument for the detection of eating disorders in community samples. Psych Res. 1992;44: 191201.
  • 35
    Black CM, Wilson GT. Assessment of eating disorders: In terview versus questionnaire. Int J Eating Disord. 1996; 20: 4350.
  • 36
    Beck AT, Ward CH, Mendelson M., Mock J., Erbaugh J. An inventory for measuring depression. Arch Gerr Psychiatry. 1961;4: 56171.
  • 37
    Nietzel MT, Russell RL, Hemmings KA, Gretter ML. Clinical significance of psychotherapy for unipolar depression: a meta-analytic approach to social comparison. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1987;55: 15661.
  • 38
    Clark MM, Abrams DB, Niaura RS, Eaton CA, Rossi JS. Self-efficacy in weight management. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1991;59: 73944.
  • 39
    OPTIFAST Program Core Prograin: Group Leader's Guide Vols. 1 and 2 Minneapolis: Sandoz Nutrition Corporation; 1989.
  • 40
    OPTIFAST Core Program Patient Manual. Minneapolis: Sandoz Nutrition Corporation; 1987.
  • 41
    Brownell KD. The LEARN Program for Weight Control. Dallas: American Health Publishing Company; 1991.
  • 42
    Wadden TA, Foster GD, Letizia KA. Response of obese binge eaters to treatment by behavioral therapy combined with very low calorie diet. J Consult Clin Psyckol. 1992; 60: 80811.
  • 43
    Marcus MS, Smith D., Santelli R., Kaye W. Characterization of eating disordered behavior in obese binge eaters. Int J Eating Disord. 1992; 12: 24955.