Pharmacokinetics and Antihypertensive Effects of Low Dose Clonidine During Chronic Therapy

Authors

  • Sadanand N. Anavekar MD, PhD,

  • Laurence G. Howes MD, PhD,

    Corresponding authorSearch for more papers by this author
  • Bevyn Jarrott PhD,

  • Marie Syrjanen BSc,

  • Elizabeth L. Conway PhD,

  • William J. Louis MD


University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics Unit, Austin and Repatriation Hospitals, Heidelberg, Victoria, 3084, Australia.

Abstract

Using a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay the pharmacokinetic disposition of clonidine was determined in hypertensive patients after a single dose and then after 5, 28 and 56 days of chronic dosing with 75 μg bd. Following a single dose of clonidine maximal plasma concentrations of 0.34 ± 0.06 ng/ml were achieved after 3.6 ± 1.2 hours. After 5 days of repetitive dosing the maximal concentration was significantly higher, 0.66 ± 0.06 ng/ml and remained so throughout chronic therapy (P = 0.018). The AUC, Tmax and T1/2 did not differ significantly between the acute dose and the chronic dosing pharmacokinetic studies. Clonidine also produced a significant fall in blood pressure. Supine diastolic blood pressure fell from 106 ± 5 mmHg predose to 99 ± 6 mmHg 2 hours after the first dose (P < 0.05). The corresponding values after cyclopenthiazide alone were 108 ± 8 and 105 ± 8 mmHg (P = 0.13). Similar falls in blood pressure were produced during chronic therapy.

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