A Review of the TFA Counseling System: From Theory Construction to Application

Authors

  • Ralph O. Mueller,

    Associate Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Department of Educational Leadership in the School of Education and Human Development at George Washington University, Washington, DC.
    • Department of Educational Leadership, School of Education and Human Development, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052.

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  • Paula J. Dupuy,

    Associate Professor
    1. Department of Counselor and Human Services Education at the University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio.
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  • David E. Hutchins

    Professor
    1. Department of Counselor Education at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg.
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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to provide counseling practitioners and researchers with an integrative review of the TFA (thinking-feeling-acting) counseling system, Tracing the 12-year evolution of the model from theory construction and instrument development to practical application provides in one place a comprehensive synthesis of published work on the TFA system. The theoretical principle guiding the model was the systematic combination of the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral domains of human functioning. The Hutchins Behavior Inventory (HBI) was developed to assess the interaction of thoughts, feelings, and actions that led to applications of the TFA system in counseling and related areas.

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