Dimensions of Masculinity: Relations to Date Rape Supportive Attitudes and Sexual Aggression in Dating Situations

Authors

  • Dana M. Truman,

    Graduate Student
    1. Department of Psychology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte
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  • David M. Tokar,

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology at the University of Akron
    • Department of Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325-4301

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  • Ann R. Fischer

    Assistant Professor, Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychology at the University of Akron
    • Department of Psychology, University of Akron, Akron, OH 44325-4301

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Abstract

Sexual assault in general and date rape in particular are major issues for practitioners, educators, and researchers in counseling. This study sought to extend and refine existing research on the links between masculine gender roles and date rape by exploring 3 masculinity-related constructs that, until recently, have received relatively little attention in the context of rape research: masculinity ideology, attitudes toward feminism, and homophobia. In general, combinations of masculinity-related constructs were found to predict self-reported acceptance or perpetration of sexually coercive behaviors. Specifically, multiple regression analyses revealed that attitudes toward feminism and various, specific dimensions of masculinity ideology (vs. a global assessment, as in previous research) predicted unique variance in several types of date rape-supportive attitudes and beliefs: the Facade/Counterdependence dimension of masculinity ideology also predicted unique variance in self-reported history of sexual coercion. Implications for prevention, education, and future research are discussed.

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