Michael Tlanusta Garrett is an assistant professor of counseling in the Department of Human Services at Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, North Carolina.
Red as an Apple: Native American Acculturation and Counseling With or Without Reservation
Article first published online: 23 DEC 2011
2000 American Counseling Association
Journal of Counseling & Development
Volume 78, Issue 1, pages 3–13, Winter 2000
How to Cite
Garrett, M. T. and Pichette, E. F. (2000), Red as an Apple: Native American Acculturation and Counseling With or Without Reservation. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78: 3–13. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb02554.x
- Issue published online: 23 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 23 DEC 2011
The United States has a long history of advocating policies of both extermination and assimilation of Native peoples. This historical context provides an important backdrop for understanding issues of trust/mistrust and the impact of acculturation on Native Americans who often find they have to reconcile 2 cultures. Therefore, counselors must assess a Native American client's level of acculturation rather than making assumptions based on the limited information offered by appearance or other personal characteristics. The Native American Acculturation Scale is presented as an operationalized means of formally or informally assessing a Native American client's cultural identity.