Shawn O. Utsey is an assistant professor in the Department of Professional Psychology and Family Therapy at Seton Hall University, South Orange, New Jersey.
Racial Discrimination, Coping, Life Satisfaction, and Self-Esteem Among African Americans
Version of Record online: 23 DEC 2011
2000 American Counseling Association
Journal of Counseling & Development
Volume 78, Issue 1, pages 72–80, Winter 2000
How to Cite
Utsey, S. O., Ponterotto, J. G., Reynolds, A. L. and Cancelli, A. A. (2000), Racial Discrimination, Coping, Life Satisfaction, and Self-Esteem Among African Americans. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78: 72–80. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb02562.x
- Issue online: 23 DEC 2011
- Version of Record online: 23 DEC 2011
This article reports the results of a study that examined the coping strategies used by African Americans in managing the stressful effects of racism. A total of 213 participants (women, n = 137; men, n = 76) completed the Index of Race-Related Stress (S. O. Utsey & J. G. Ponterotto, 1996), the Coping Strategy Indicator (J. H. Amirkhan, 1990), the Satisfaction With Life Scale (E. Diener, R. A. Emmons, R. J. Larsen, & S. Griffin, 1985), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (M. Rosenberg, 1965). Results indicated that women preferred avoidance coping for racism experienced on a personal level. For African Americans in general, seeking social support and racism condition were the best predictors of racism-related stress. Life satisfaction and self-esteem were best predicted by avoidance coping. Implications for the provision of counseling services to African Americans are discussed.