Multicultural Counseling Beyond the Relationship: Expanding the Repertoire With Techniques
Article first published online: 7 JUN 2013
© 2013 by the American Counseling Association. All rights reserved.
Journal of Counseling & Development
Volume 91, Issue 3, pages 349–357, July 2013
How to Cite
Hanna, F. J. and Cardona, B. (2013), Multicultural Counseling Beyond the Relationship: Expanding the Repertoire With Techniques. Journal of Counseling & Development, 91: 349–357. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2013.00104.x
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 7 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 11 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: 2 MAR 2012
Multicultural counseling approaches variously focus on the counseling relationship. Relatively few discuss clinical techniques and strategies to any significant extent. This article explores enhancing multicultural counseling by offering an array of techniques and strategies based on addressing oppression and increasing psychological freedom. Techniques offered seek to internally free a person cognitively, affectively, and systemically using the Precursors Model of Change (Hanna, 2002). The goal is to help set a person free from oppressive, discriminatory systems and individuals.