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Multicultural Counseling Beyond the Relationship: Expanding the Repertoire With Techniques

Authors

  • Fred J. Hanna,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Counselor Education and Supervision, University of Northern Colorado.
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Fred J. Hanna, Department of Counselor Education and Supervision, University of Northern Colorado, McKee Hall 248, Campus Box 131, Greeley, CO 80639-0001 (e-mail: fred.hanna@unco.edu).

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  • Betty Cardona

    1. Department of Counselor Education and Supervision, University of Northern Colorado.
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Abstract

Multicultural counseling approaches variously focus on the counseling relationship. Relatively few discuss clinical techniques and strategies to any significant extent. This article explores enhancing multicultural counseling by offering an array of techniques and strategies based on addressing oppression and increasing psychological freedom. Techniques offered seek to internally free a person cognitively, affectively, and systemically using the Precursors Model of Change (Hanna, 2002). The goal is to help set a person free from oppressive, discriminatory systems and individuals.

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