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Gender Role Conflict Research 30 Years Later: An Evidence-Based Diagnostic Schema to Assess Boys and Men in Counseling
Article first published online: 17 SEP 2013
© 2013 by the American Counseling Association. All rights reserved.
Journal of Counseling & Development
Special Issue: Special Issue: Men in Counseling
Volume 91, Issue 4, pages 490–498, October 2013
How to Cite
O'Neil, J. M. (2013), Gender Role Conflict Research 30 Years Later: An Evidence-Based Diagnostic Schema to Assess Boys and Men in Counseling. Journal of Counseling & Development, 91: 490–498. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2013.00122.x
- Issue published online: 17 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 17 SEP 2013
- Received 03/30/12; Revised 07/24/12; Accepted 07/31/12
- gender role conflict;
- psychology of men;
- counseling men
During the last 30 years, over 350 research studies have used the Gender Role Conflict Scale (O'Neil, Helms, Gable, David, & Wrightsman, 1986) to assess men's gender role conflict (GRC). The results of these studies indicate that GRC is correlated with many negative psychological outcomes for men and women, but few studies have examined the clinical application of GRC. A new diagnostic schema for counselors is presented that assesses men's gender role devaluations, restrictions, and violations.