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Keywords:

  • oppositional behavior;
  • oppositional defiant disorder;
  • counseling;
  • psychotherapy

This meta-analysis of clinical trials explored the effectiveness of treatments targeted at changing oppositional behavior. The meta-analysis included 31 peer-reviewed treatment studies with school-age youth ages 6–17 years identified as having oppositional defiant disorder. Results were synthesized using a random effects model for mean difference and mean gain effect size estimates. Findings suggest that counseling/psychotherapy is effective in treating oppositional behavior in school-age youth at termination, but the long-term efficacy of such treatment is less stable.