The Impact of Racial Microaggressions on Mental Health: Counseling Implications for Clients of Color
Version of Record online: 7 JAN 2014
© 2014 by the American Counseling Association. All rights reserved.
Journal of Counseling & Development
Volume 92, Issue 1, pages 57–66, January 2014
How to Cite
Nadal, K. L., Griffin, K. E., Wong, Y., Hamit, S. and Rasmus, M. (2014), The Impact of Racial Microaggressions on Mental Health: Counseling Implications for Clients of Color. Journal of Counseling & Development, 92: 57–66. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.2014.00130.x
- Issue online: 7 JAN 2014
- Version of Record online: 7 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 26 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Received: 24 OCT 2011
This study examined the relationship between racial microaggressions (subtle and unintentional forms of racial discrimination) and mental health. Results from a large sample (N = 506) indicated that higher frequencies of racial microaggressions negatively predicted participants' mental health and that racial microaggressions were significantly correlated with depressive symptoms and negative affect. Differences in the types of microaggressions experienced by various racial groups (Asian, Latina/o, Black, White, and multiracial) and counseling implications are discussed.