Managing Stress and Maintaining Well-Being: Social Support, Problem-Focused Coping, and Avoidant Coping


  • Ruth Chu-Lien Chao

    Corresponding author
    1. Counseling Psychology Program, University of Denver.
    • Counseling Psychology Program, Morgridge College of Education, University of Denver, 1999 East Evans Avenue, Denver, CO 80208 (e-mail:

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This study tested a model that links stress, social support, problem-focused coping, and well-being. First, it looks at how high support significantly moderated the association between stress and well-being. Next, the students' problem-focused coping was seen as mediating this moderated association. Finally, a 3-way interaction of stress, social support, and avoidant coping revealed that only frequent use of avoidant coping accelerated the association between stress and well-being in a negative way at both low and high support.