Mindfulness and Counseling Self-Efficacy: The Mediating Role of Attention and Empathy


Counseling and Disability Services, The University of North Carolina School of Arts, 1533 South Main Street, Winston-Salem, NC 27127 (e-mail: greasonp@uncsa.edu)


This study examined the predictive relationship between mindfulness and counseling self-efficacy and the potential mediating effects of attention and empathy. Master's-level counseling interns and doctoral counseling students (N = 179) were surveyed to determine levels of mindfulness, attention, empathy, and counseling self-efficacy. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients revealed significant pairwise relationships between the 4 variables of interest. A multiple-mediator path analysis supported the hypotheses that mindfulness is a significant predictor of counseling self-efficacy and that attention is a mediator of that relationship. Results suggest that mindfulness may be an important variable in the development of key counselor preparation outcomes.