Daniel Naurin is a Post-ddoctoral Research Fellow at the Department of Political Science at Goteborg University. He was previously a Marie Curie Fellow at the Robert Schumann Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence. His current research deals with politics of transparency, empirical studies of deliberative democratic theory, coalition-building and bargaining in the Council of the European Union. Naurin has published two books and has articles appearing in, among others, Comparative Politics and Journal of European Integration. He was awarded the Jean Blondel Ph.D Prize in 2006.
Why Give Reason? Measuring Arguing and Bargaining in Survey Research
Article first published online: 20 JAN 2011
2007 The Swiss Political Science Review
Swiss Political Science Review
Volume 13, Issue 4, pages 559–575, Winter 2007
How to Cite
Naurin, D. (2007), Why Give Reason? Measuring Arguing and Bargaining in Survey Research. Swiss Political Science Review, 13: 559–575. doi: 10.1002/j.1662-6370.2007.tb00089.x
- Issue published online: 20 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 20 JAN 2011
- European Union
This article addresses the question of how to define, operationalise and measure empirically the concepts of arguing and bargaining, which are central to the normative theories of deliberative democracy. It points at, and proposes a solution to, one particularly difficult problem with respect to operationalisation, namely the distinction between arguing and cooperative forms of bargaining. The key to capturing this distinction is to look not only at whether, but also at why, actors give reasons for their positions. Motivations partly define arguing and bargaining as types of social decision procedure and it is difficult for researchers within the “empirical turn” of deliberative democratic theory to distinguish the two without studying the motives of the actors. The most straightforward way of analysing motives is asking people about them in interviews. An illustration of how the survey method can be used in practise is given from an ongoing research project on the Council of the European Union.