Maya Jegen is professor of political science at Université du Québec à Montréal. She works on issues of environmental and energy policy.
Swiss Energy Policy and the Challenge of European Governance
Article first published online: 20 JAN 2011
2009 The Swiss Political Science Review
Swiss Political Science Review
Volume 15, Issue 4, pages 577–602, Winter 2009
How to Cite
Jegen, M. (2009), Swiss Energy Policy and the Challenge of European Governance. Swiss Political Science Review, 15: 577–602. doi: 10.1002/j.1662-6370.2009.tb00146.x
- Issue published online: 20 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 20 JAN 2011
- Swiss Energy Policy;
- European Union;
- Network Governance;
- Regulatory Forums
The European Union establishes external relations with third countries in different ways. Network governance is considered as an organisational opening that provides for more cooperative flexibility and inclusion. In this article, I examine to what extent network governance enables Switzerland's inclusion in the European energy sector. I argue that, as the network governance of EU energy policy becomes more institutionalized – from the regulatory forums of Florence and Madrid to the European Regulators Group for Electricity and Gas (ERGEG) – Switzerland tends to be excluded. I further argue that this lack of political inclusion is partly compensated by patterns of market governance that favor Swiss firms. Neither network nor market governance, however, is a sufficient form of coordination and traditional options such as bilateral agreements (electricity) and autonomous adaptation (gas) seem inevitable.