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Rehabilitation of physically disabled individuals can be impaired by role insufficiency of the disabled person or of his significant others. This article cites research that reveals specific effects of intrafamilial role confusion, role conflict, and faulty role transition. Two case studies—one of a head-injured individual and the other of a spinal cord injured individual—are included that illustrate how the nurse uses role playing, support group interaction, imaginative role taking, role modeling, and role clarification to provide role supplementation and relieve role insufficiency.