Can a Pulmonary Health Teaching Program Alter Patients' Ability to Cope with COPD?
Article first published online: 3 SEP 2012
1991 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Volume 16, Issue 4, pages 199–202, July-August 1991
How to Cite
Janelli, L. M., Scherer, Y. K. and Schmieder, L. E. (1991), Can a Pulmonary Health Teaching Program Alter Patients' Ability to Cope with COPD?. Rehabilitation Nursing, 16: 199–202. doi: 10.1002/j.2048-7940.1991.tb01213.x
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 3 SEP 2012
Many clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) are involved in providing group teaching programs for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although knowledge levels often are enhanced by these programs, what is less well known is whether such programs also can affect the coping methods used by those with this disease. The exploratory study described here was part of a larger research project aimed at determining patients' knowledge, specific psychological parameters (anxiety, hostility, depression), and coping strategies. Thirty people agreed to participate in the study. The Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) (Jalowiec & Powers, 1981) was used so that participants could rate each coping method according to the degree of use and to determine whether the methods employed were affective or problem-solving approaches. There was very little change in the pre- and posttest scores on the JCS, indicating that there was little change in coping strategies used. There also were no significant correlations between the JCS scores and the demographic characteristics of age, educational level, and the length of time since diagnosis of COPD. The results of this study seem to indicate that pulmonary rehabilitation programs should place more emphasis on appropriate coping strategies that the COPD patient can incorporate into his or her lifestyle.