This article is derived from a statement initially developed by the author for the Gerontology Special Interest Group of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses. It draws on the standards and scope of practice of rehabilitation nursing as established by the American Nurses Association and the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses. The article provides insight into the needs of the elderly individual in the healthcare system; ultimately, its focus is on the necessity of providing responsible rehabilitation nursing care for clients with varied gerontological problems by evaluating and promoting restorative function. Rehabilitation nursing joins with gerontology to assist elderly clients in meeting individual goals.