Altered Thought Processes Related to Traumatic Brain Injury and Their Nursing Implications


  • Janice A. Grzankowski MS RN CNS

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    • Janice A. Grzankowski is a doctoral research assistant in the Center for Nursing Research at the State University of New York at Buffalo in Buffalo, NY, where she is enrolled in the doctorate of nursing science program.

PO Box 1890, Ellicottville, NY 14731.


This article examines the information rehabilitation nurses must have to care for people with the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) diagnosis altered thought process as it relates to traumatic brain injury (TBI). Findings from the current literature concerning the epidemiology and pathophysiology of TBI, theories about functional recovery in brain injury, and nursing implications are also discussed.