Rita Ailinger and Margaret Dear are professors at George Mason University in Fairfax, VA.
An Examination of the Self-Care Needs of Clients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Article first published online: 10 JUL 2012
1997 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 135–140, May-June 1997
How to Cite
Ailinger, R. L. and Dear, M. R. (1997), An Examination of the Self-Care Needs of Clients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Rehabilitation Nursing, 22: 135–140. doi: 10.1002/j.2048-7940.1997.tb02083.x
- Issue published online: 10 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 10 JUL 2012
Investigators used Orem's self-care deficit theory to guide their examination of the needs of clients with rheumatoid arthritis. Several research questions, which were guided by the proposition that universal self-care requisites are influenced by a person's age, gender, and health state, were addressed. Interviews with 59 clients with rheumatoid arthritis were tape recorded, and transcripts of the interviews were analyzed by two experts using assigned codes of universal self-care requisites (USCRs). The most frequently reported USCRs for these clients with rheumatoid arthritis were the maintenance of a balance between activity and rest (83%), the promotion of normalcy (66%), and prevention of hazards (58%). Clients' health state and age, but not their gender, affected USCRs. The clinical and theoretical implications of the findings are described in light of clients' rehabilitation.