Social Problem-Solving Partnerships with Family Caregivers


Joan S. Grant is an associate professor of nursing at the Univeristy of Alabama at Birmingham.


The goal of this pilot study was to compare the effectiveness of home and telephone social problem-solving partnerships on primary family caregiver outcomes and to determine whether certain caregiver and stroke survivor characteristics influenced these outcomes. Thirty primary family caregivers were assigned to either a home visit, telephone contact, or control group. A registered nurse trained caregivers in the intervention groups in a series of seven telephone calls or home visits during a 12-week period to use social problem-solving skills in managing caregiving problems. Primary family caregiver outcomes were compared before the intervention, during the intervention (at 2 and 5 weeks after discharge), and after the intervention (at 13 weeks after discharge). Compared to the home and control groups, the telephone group had a significant reduction in depression, more positive problem-solving skills, and greater caregiver preparedness during the intervention, and improved, but nonsignificant depression, problem-solving, and caregiver preparedness scores postintervention. Race, age, and education were significant for selected outcomes.