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  • Alzheimer's disease dementia home safety caregiving

Home safety is a major concern for persons with a progressive dementia, such as Alzheimer's disease, because much direct care is provided in the home setting. This study used the Home Safety/Injury Model as a framework to describe the domain of caregiver competence, one of the model's key constructs. Interview data from the perspectives of 17 informants yielded a total of 68 clinical situations that allowed exploration of the scope and dimensions of caregiver competence to prevent accidents in the home. The factors most influential for effective caregiver prevention of home injury were family support, an acceptance and ability to make role changes, teaching and role modeling from professionals, and long-standing values and family traditions. No single factor was sufficient to achieve effective caregiving for making the home safer, but the strength of one or two factors could compensate for the absence of others.