Physical Restraint Reduction in the Acute Rehabilitation Setting: A Quality Improvement Study


MetroHealth Medical Center, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH 44109 or


A prospective, continuous quality improvement study was implemented at a hospital on two rehabilitation units: stroke and brain injury. The purpose of the study was to decrease restraint use by 25% and to maintain fall rates no greater than 10% over baseline. A multi-component restraint reduction program was implemented that focused on administrative support, education, consultation, and feedback. Monthly restraint rates and fall rates were monitored and compared to the previous year's rates. Both units reduced restraint use. Importantly, this reduction was accomplished at the same time as a decline in fall rates.