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Predictors of Life Satisfaction in Stroke Survivors and Spousal Caregivers After Inpatient Rehabilitation


  • Sharon K. Ostwald PhD RN FGSA,

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    • Sharon K. Ostwald, PhD RN FGSA, is a professor and Isla Carroll Turner Chair in Gerontological Nursing at University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston.

  • Kyler M. Godwin MPH,

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    • Kyler M. Godwin, MPH, is a research associate at the Center on Aging, School of Nursing, University of Texas in Houston.

  • Stanley G. Cron MSPH

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    • Stanley G. Cron, MSPH, is a research instructor at the Center for Nursing Research at University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston.


A global measure of life satisfaction has become increasingly important as an adjunctive outcome of healthcare interventions for people with disabilities, including those caused by stroke. Life satisfaction of stroke survivors may affect caregiving spouses, as well. The purpose of this study was to identify, among many physical and psychosocial variables, specific variables that were associated with life satisfaction at 12 months after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, and variables that were predictive of life satisfaction 1 year later (at 24 months). Between 12 and 24 months, life satisfaction decreased for stroke survivors, while it increased for caregiving spouses. The relationship between the couple (mutuality) was the only variable that was a significant predictor of life satisfaction for both stroke survivors and their spouses.