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Developing Evidence-Based Interventions to Address the Leading Causes of Workers' Compensation Among Healthcare Workers


  • James W. Collins PhD MSME,

    Associate DirectorSearch for more papers by this author
    • James W. Collins, PhD MSME, is the associate director for science for the Division of Safety Research at NIOSH in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Morgantown, WV.

  • Jennifer L. Bell PhD,

    Research EpidemiologistSearch for more papers by this author
    • Jennifer L. Bell, PhD, is a research epidemiologist in the Analysis and Field Evaluations Branch, Division of Safety Research, NIOSH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Morgantown, WV.

  • Raoul Grönqvist PhD

    LeaderSearch for more papers by this author
    • Raoul Grönqvist, PhD, is the leader of the accident prevention team at the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in Helsinki, Finland.


Overexertion and slip, trip, and fall (STF) incidents are two of the leading sources of workers' compensation claims and costs in healthcare settings (Bell et al., 2008; Bureau of Labor Statistics [BLS], 2008). Working in conjunction with a team of international researchers, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has been conducting research to demonstrate the effectiveness of comprehensive safe patient handling and STF-prevention programs. The purpose of this article is to summarize the research and outreach efforts of NIOSH and their partners to address the leading occupational injury hazards facing healthcare workers. This article also provides an overview of the changes that are occurring in the healthcare industry as a result of the evidence-based research on safe patient handling and STF prevention that has been conducted in recent years.