Barbara Resnick, PhD CRNP FAAN FAANP, is a professor and Sonya Ziporkin Gershowitz Chair in Gerontology at the University of Maryland School of Nursing in Baltimore, MD.
Factors Associated with Exercise Among Older Adults in a Continuing Care Retirement Community
Article first published online: 27 MAR 2012
2011 Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Volume 36, Issue 2, pages 47–53, March-April 2011
How to Cite
Resnick, B. and D'Adamo, C. (2011), Factors Associated with Exercise Among Older Adults in a Continuing Care Retirement Community. Rehabilitation Nursing, 36: 47–53. doi: 10.1002/j.2048-7940.2011.tb00065.x
- Issue published online: 27 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 27 MAR 2012
- older adults;
- physical activity;
The objectives of this study were to test a model of the factors that influence exercise activities among a group of older adults living in a continuing care retirement community with a wellness center that features a pool, exercise room, and exercise classes. This was a correlational study using a one-time survey. A total of 163 residents with an average age of 86.6 years (SD = 6.1) participated in the study. Ninety (55%) of the participants exercised regularly (30 minutes daily), 88% of whom used the wellness center. Of all participating residents, 49% reported using the wellness center. Self-efficacy and negative outcome expectations directly related to exercise behavior Marital status, resilience, health status, pain, and fear of falling were indirectly related to exercise. All of these factors explained 15% of the variance in exercise behavior. These findings support previous work and provide future direction for research regarding interventions to increase exercise among older adults. Further, access to a wellness center providing exercise opportunities may increase adherence to a regular exercise regimen among older adults.