Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, National University of Ireland, University College Cork, Ireland.
The Use and Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Malting and Brewing with Their Relationships to Antifungal Activity, Mycotoxins and Gushing: A Review
Article first published online: 16 MAY 2012
2004 The Institute of Brewing & Distilling
Journal of the Institute of Brewing
Volume 110, Issue 3, pages 163–180, 2004
How to Cite
Lowe, D. P. and Arendt, E. K. (2004), The Use and Effects of Lactic Acid Bacteria in Malting and Brewing with Their Relationships to Antifungal Activity, Mycotoxins and Gushing: A Review. Jnl Institute Brewing, 110: 163–180. doi: 10.1002/j.2050-0416.2004.tb00199.x
- Issue published online: 16 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 16 MAY 2012
- Manuscript accepted for publication July 2004
- Lactic acid bacteria;
- biological acidification;
Several metabolic properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) serve special functions, which directly or indirectly have impact on processes such as improved quality and safety and flavour development in the malting and brewing industry. LAB are widely distributed in nature and in spontaneous fermentations, often they are found to be the dominating microflora resulting in both the inhibition of spoilage bacteria and organisms. This review describes the applications of LAB in malting and brewing. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring toxic secondary metabolites of fungi that may be present in cereals. Several of these mycotoxins have been associated with human and animal diseases and are known to survive the brewing process. LAB have been shown to restrict the growth of the most important toxigenic fungi thereby reducing the formation of these harmful toxins. The occurrence of mycotoxins in cereals is discussed and their effect in beer is reviewed. The main features of this review are: (I) LAB starter cultures in malting and brewing (II) production of acid malt; (III) biological acidification of mash and wort in brewing; (IV) bacteriocins produced by LAB in brewing; (V) LAB and anti-fungal activity; (VI) mycotoxins in cereals.