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DO ELECTRONIC LOGBOOKS CONTRIBUTE TO MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY PERFORMANCE?

Authors

  • David E. Cantor,

    1. University of North Florida
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    • (Ph.D. University of Maryland) is Assistant Professor of Transportation and Logistics at the Coggin College of Business, University of North Florida. He received his Ph.D. in supply chain management from the University of Maryland. Dr. Cantor's primary research interest is in supply chain management and information systems with a particular focus in the U.S. motor carrier industry. His secondary area of research interest is in human decision-making in the supply chain using experimental research methods. His research has been published or is forthcoming in the Transportation Journal, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, and The International Journal of Logistics Management.

  • Thomas M. Corsi,

    1. University of Maryland
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    • (Ph.D. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee) is Michelle Smith Professor of Logistics and Director of the Supply Chain Management Center at the Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland. Dr. Corsi has published over 100 articles on logistics and transportation and is co-author of three books: The Economic Effects of Surface Freight Deregulation, Logistics and the Extended Enterprise (Benchmarks and Best Practices for the Manufacturing Professional), and In Real Time (Managing the New Supply Chain). His current research explores the use of leading-edge technologies to transform the supply chains of the Digital Economy.

  • Curtis M. Grimm

    1. University of Maryland
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    • (Ph.D. University of California-Berkeley) is Dean's Professor of Supply Chain and Strategy at the Robert H. Smith School of Business, University of Maryland. From 1995–2003 Professor Grimm served as Logistics, Business and Public Policy department chair. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of California-Berkeley, with primary focus on industrial organization. Dr. Grimm has conducted extensive research in both supply chain and strategic management. This research has resulted in four books and more than 80 published articles in leading scholarly journals such as Journal of Business Logistics, Transportation Research, Transportation Journal, The Academy of Management Journal, Management Science, Organization Science, and Strategic Management Journal. He is a previous winner of the Plowman Award.


Abstract

Within the U.S. Department of Transportation and among U.S. motor carriers, there has been increased interest in the potential benefits of electronic logbooks to improve the safety of trucking operations. This paper investigates the specific contribution of electronic logbooks to improving firm safety performance (as measured by the number of crashes and hours of service violations). The models presented demonstrate that electronic logbooks contribute positively to crash reduction and to decreases in hours of service violations, particularly among carriers with poor overall safety records. Moreover, hours of service violations fully mediate the relationship between electronic logbook use and number of crashes. These results have policy significance as the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has proposed a rule that would require the use of electronic logbooks for some carriers.

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