Andrew D. Carson is an assistant professor and Nazar M. Altai is a visiting assistant professor, both in the Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, 3700 McTavish St., Montreal, Quebec H3A-1Y2. The authors express appreciation to Donald Zytowski for sharing with us unpublished or difficult to locate material related to Sanchez de Arevalo's Mirror of Human Life and its possible Moorish precursors. The authors also express their thanks to Frank Dumont for his suggestions related to possible linkages between Hellenistic, Arabic, and early modern European vocational theories.
1000 Years Before Parsons: Vocational Psychology in Classical Islam
Article first published online: 23 DEC 2011
1994 National Career Development Association
The Career Development Quarterly
Volume 43, Issue 2, pages 197–206, December 1994
How to Cite
Carson, A. D. and Altai, N. M. (1994), 1000 Years Before Parsons: Vocational Psychology in Classical Islam. The Career Development Quarterly, 43: 197–206. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-0045.1994.tb00858.x
- Issue published online: 23 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 23 DEC 2011
One characteristic of professionals is that they reflect on the nature of their discipline; attention to the history of one's discipline is an important way of doing this. Efforts to trace the historical roots of vocational theory have been successful only as far back as late Renaissance Spain and southern Europe, notably in Chabassus and Zytowski's (1987) discussion of Sanchez de Arevalo's (1468) Speculum Vitae Humanae (Mirror of Human Life). We locate some recognizably modern concepts in a 10th-century Iraqi text, the Rasa'il Ikhwàn al-Safá wa-Khillan al-Wafa, or Treatises of the Brothers of Purity (Ikhwàn al-Safá, 955/1928).