Variables Affecting Readiness to Benefit From Career Interventions


concerning this article should be addressed to James P. Sampson Jr., Center for the Study of Technology in Counseling and Career Development, Florida State University, PO Box 3064162, 100 South Woodward Avenue, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4162 (e-mail:


This article identifies and briefly describes the broad range of variables that may influence clients’ readiness to benefit from career interventions. The article also discusses consequences of low readiness for effective use of career interventions and addresses implications for practice as well as for future research. Variables contributing to low readiness for effective use of career interventions include personal characteristics and circumstances; knowledge of self, options, and decision making; and prior experience with career interventions. Consequences of low readiness for using career interventions include premature disengagement, negative perception of skills and interests, selective acquisition of incomplete information, premature choice foreclosure, protracted exploration, dependent decision-making style, and poor evaluation of options.