Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Effects of Optimism, Intrinsic Motivation, and Family Relations on Vocational Identity
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2013
© 2013 by the National Career Development Association. All rights reserved.
The Career Development Quarterly
Volume 61, Issue 2, pages 141–160, June 2013
How to Cite
Shin, Y.-J. and Kelly, K. R. (2013), Cross-Cultural Comparison of the Effects of Optimism, Intrinsic Motivation, and Family Relations on Vocational Identity. The Career Development Quarterly, 61: 141–160. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-0045.2013.00043.x
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2013
- Received 09/15/11; Revised 01/22/12; Accepted 01/31/12
- vocational identity;
- cross-cultural comparison;
- intrinsic motivation;
- family relations
This study explored the effects of optimism, intrinsic motivation, and family relations on vocational identity in college students in the United States and South Korea. The results yielded support for the hypothesized multivariate model. Across both cultures, optimism was an important contributing factor to vocational identity, and intrinsic motivation partially mediated the link from optimism to vocational identity. In addition, family relations moderated the mediation effect of intrinsic motivation with American students but not Korean students. With Korean students, family relations moderated the direct link from optimism to vocational identity. These results have significant implications for counseling to promote vocational identity development for diverse college students.