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Relationships Among Career Thoughts, Vocational Identity, and Calling: Implications for Practice


  • The authors express appreciation to Robert C. Reardon for his review of an earlier version of this article.

concerning this article should be addressed to Janet G. Lenz, Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, Florida State University, 2122 Dunlap Success Center, 102 South Woodward Avenue, Tallahassee, FL 23206 (e-mail:


The concept of a calling in relation to career choice is a topic of interest in current literature. Exploring variables that may contribute to the presence of a calling is an important gap in the literature. This study examined career thoughts and vocational identity in relation to the presence of calling in a sample of 329 undergraduate university students enrolled in a career development course. The findings revealed significant relationships among all the variables of interest, as well as moderate predictive power, indicating that vocational identity and career thoughts may contribute to the formation of a calling to pursue a particular career. Limitations, implications for practice, and future research are discussed.