Get access

A Moderated Mediation Model of Planned Happenstance Skills, Career Engagement, Career Decision Self-Efficacy, and Career Decision Certainty


  • This work was supported by a grant (NRF-2011-330-B00167) from the National Research Foundation of Korea.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Sang Min Lee, Department of Education, Korea University, Anam-Dong, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul, South Korea (e-mail:


This study examined how college students’ levels of planned happenstance skills influenced the relationships among career engagement, career decision self-efficacy, and career decision certainty. Moderated mediation analysis was used with a sample of 217 Korean undergraduate students. The results indicated that career decision self-efficacy mediated the relationship between career engagement and career decision certainty. Moreover, the positive indirect effect of career engagement on career decision through career decision self-efficacy was strengthened as the level of planned happenstance skills increased. In conclusion, college students’ career engagement strengthens their career decision certainty via career decision self-efficacy when they have enough planned happenstance skills to discover unexpected career opportunities.