Characteristics of High-Risk College Student Drinkers Expressing High and Low Levels of Distress


concerning this article should be addressed to James M. Graceffo, Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education, Pennsylvania State University, 307 CEDAR Building, University Park, PA 16802 (e-mail:


The aim of this study was to identify variables that reliably differentiated between 2 groups of students who reported binge drinking at the same rate (6 to more than 10 times within the previous 2 weeks) but who exhibited different distress associated with their behavior. Results indicated that students who received an external expression of concern were more likely to be concerned themselves about their alcohol use. The clinical utility of this finding is discussed.