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Clinical Symptoms as a Function of Client Personality in College Students: Incorporating the Five-Factor Model of Personality


  • The authors thank Robert R. McCrae, Paul T. Costa Jr., and Donald E. Eggerth for their thoughtful review and comments on earlier versions of this article.

concerning this article should be addressed to Marie S. Hammond, Department of Psychology, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Boulevard, Nashville, TN 37209 (e-mail:


In this study, the relationship between personality characteristics and presenting clinical symptoms of individuals at a college counseling center was examined. Analysis of assessments of personality (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and mental health symptoms (Farrell & McCullough, 1989) suggests that the personality characteristics of individuals presenting for assistance at a college counseling center systematically vary from those of a general college population. Furthermore, differing patterns of client personality characteristics were related to various symptom categories.