Traditional Machismo and Caballerismo as Correlates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Psychological Distress, and Relationship Satisfaction in Hispanic Veterans

Authors


  • The authors gratefully acknowledge several helpful soldiers from the 1/509th Airborne Infantry for their assistance with this project. The content of this article does not reflect the views of the Department of Defense or the United States government.

should be addressed to Gina P. Owens, Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, 1404 Circle Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996-0900 (e-mail: gowens4@utk.edu).

Abstract

An online survey was used to examine 45 Hispanic male veterans’ traditional machismo and caballerismo as correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychological distress, and relationship satisfaction. Higher traditional machismo was associated with higher PTSD severity and distress and lower relationship satisfaction. Psychometric properties of the Traditional Machismo and Caballerismo Scale were explored.

Se utilizó una encuesta en línea para examinar el machismo y el caballerismo tradicionales de 45 veteranos hispanos varones, y su correlación con el trastorno de estrés post-traumático (PTSD, por sus siglas en inglés), la angustia psicológica y la satisfacción en sus relaciones. Un mayor nivel de machismo tradicional se asoció con una mayor severidad del PTSD, así como con angustia y una menor satisfacción en las relaciones. Se exploraron las propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Machismo y Caballerismo Tradicionales.

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