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Extending the Humanistic Vision: Toward a Humanities Foundation for the Counseling Profession


concerning this article should be addressed to James T. Hansen, Department of Counseling, Oakland University, 450E Pawley Hall, Rochester, MI 48309 (e-mail:


Founding humanists argued that counseling should be ideologically grounded in the humanities. Currently, professional counseling culture is largely structured by scientific assumptions, which, the author maintains, have had a detrimental impact on the profession. Specific recommendations for shifting professional counseling culture to a humanities foundation are offered.