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Response to Hansen: Economic Pressures, Not Science, Undermine Humanistic Counseling


  • The author thanks James T. Hansen for helpful feedback during preparation of the article.

concerning this article should be addressed to Todd W. Leibert, Department of Counseling, Oakland University, 440K, Pawley Hall, Rochester, MI 48309 (e-mail:


The author contends that it was economic interests, not reductionist scientific methods, that displaced the humanities as the basis for counseling profession. Attacking scientific methods may inadvertently marginalize humanistic counselors. Instead, science in counseling should be viewed more broadly and thereby support the humanities as a basis for counseling.

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