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Rejoinder to Leibert


concerning this article should be addressed to James T. Hansen, Department of Counseling, Oakland University, 450E Pawley Hall, Rochester, MI 48309 (e-mail:


Leibert (2012) argues that economic and policy interests have caused counseling culture to be structured according to the values of traditional scientific ideology. He proposes that a postpositivist paradigm would move counseling beyond the restrictive ideological boundaries of positivism. Although the author agrees with many of Leibert's points, he argues that Leibert's conceptualization of causality is overly restrictive and that postpositivism does not have the proper ideological ingredients to transform counseling culture.