The Human Factor: Student Reactions to the Integration of Personal Dispositions Into a Counseling Program


concerning this article should be addressed to Melinda M. Gibbons, Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, University of Tennessee, 441 Claxton Complex, Knoxville, TN 37996 (e-mail:


The authors explored student reactions to the integration of personal dispositions, or characteristic attitudes, into a counseling program. Results suggested participants liked focusing on personal dispositions and were able to identify areas of personal growth related to these characteristics. Integrating humanistic principles by using dispositions is recommended when training future counselors.