Get access

Precursor manic behavior in the assessment and treatment of episodic problem behavior for a woman with a dual diagnosis


  • We thank Nicole Heal, Bud Mace, and Joel Ringdahl for their help, guidance, and suggestions with this project. We also thank Amanda Buchmeier and Sarah Bocock for their help with data collection.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Jonathan C. Baker, Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62918 (e-mail:


A functional analysis examined the relation between consequences that maintained episodic problem behavior (aggression, property destruction, and elopement) in the presence and absence of manic behaviors (MB). Results suggested that the presence of MB was correlated with the sensitivity of problem behavior to attention as a reinforcer during a functional analysis and that problem behaviors were maintained by attention. Noncontingent reinforcement was subsequently implemented and demonstrated to be effective in reducing problem behavior during the presence of manic behaviors.