We thank Amanda Philp and Claire Cahill for their assistance with data collection.
Peer presence and the emergence of conditioned reinforcement from observation
Article first published online: 12 AUG 2013
© Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Volume 46, Issue 3, pages 592–602, Fall 2013
How to Cite
Singer-Dudek, J. and Oblak, M. (2013), Peer presence and the emergence of conditioned reinforcement from observation. Jnl of Applied Behav Analysis, 46: 592–602. doi: 10.1002/jaba.72
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 12 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 11 AUG 2012
- observational learning;
- conditioned reinforcement;
We examined the effects of peer presence on the conditioning of new reinforcers via observation. At the outset, strings and toothpicks did not reinforce maintenance or acquisition responses for 3 preschoolers with and without developmental delays. In the first intervention, the stimuli were placed in a cup in front of an empty chair next to the participant, and the participant was denied access to those stimuli. The second intervention was identical to the first, except that a peer was present. Postintervention tests revealed that only the peer intervention was successful in conditioning neutral stimuli as reinforcers for both maintenance and acquisition responses for all 3 participants. The presence of a peer appears to facilitate the conditioning of reinforcers by observation.