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Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems

Cover image for Vol. 6 Issue 3

September 2014

Volume 6, Issue 3

Pages i–ii, 491–955

  1. Issue Information

    1. Top of page
    2. Issue Information
    3. Research Articles
    1. You have full text access to this Open Access content
      Issue Information (pages i–ii)

      Article first published online: 27 OCT 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/jame.20055

  2. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Issue Information
    3. Research Articles
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Some aspects of the problem of secondary eyewall formation in idealized three-dimensional nonlinear simulations (pages 491–512)

      K. Menelaou, M. K. Yau and Y. Martinez

      Article first published online: 10 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000316

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      Key Points

      • Sustained rainband heating alone can initiate a secondary eyewall
      • Vertical wind shear may disrupt the process of secondary eyewall formation
      • Boundary layer dynamics contribute rather than initiate a secondary eyewall
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Influence of low-cloud radiative effects on tropical circulation and precipitation (pages 513–526)

      Solange Fermepin and Sandrine Bony

      Article first published online: 12 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000288

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      Key Points

      • Radiative effects of low clouds enhance tropical precipitation and circulation
      • Low clouds influence precipitation through their coupling to surface fluxes
      • Impacts of low-cloud radiative effects on the tropical climate occur in days
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Dependency of parameter values of a crop model on the spatial scale of simulation (pages 527–540)

      Toshichika Iizumi, Yukiko Tanaka, Gen Sakurai, Yasushi Ishigooka and Masayuki Yokozawa

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000311

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      Key Points

      • The dependency of parameters of a crop model to spatial scales is examined
      • Parameters representing the yield response to temperature showed the dependency
      • Results indicate the importance of appropriate parameters for regional scale
    4. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Improved dust representation in the Community Atmosphere Model (pages 541–570)

      S. Albani, N. M. Mahowald, A. T. Perry, R. A. Scanza, C. S. Zender, N. G. Heavens, V. Maggi, J. F. Kok and B. L. Otto-Bliesner

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000279

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      Key Points

      • Refined physical parameterizations of dust in the Community Atmosphere Model
      • Improved soil erodibility, size distributions, wet deposition, and optics
      • Better representation of dust cycle, size distributions, and radiative forcing
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      High cloud increase in a perturbed SST experiment with a global nonhydrostatic model including explicit convective processes (pages 571–585)

      Yoko Tsushima, Shin-ichi Iga, Hirofumi Tomita, Masaki Satoh, Akira T. Noda and Mark J. Webb

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000301

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      Key Points

      • Larger positive longwave feedback in NICAM than in conventional GCMs
      • High cloud fraction increases in NICAM in increased SST experiments
      • Possibility of larger high cloud fraction feedback in future models
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      How does the Redi parameter for mesoscale mixing impact global climate in an Earth System Model? (pages 586–601)

      Marie-Aude Pradal and Anand Gnanadesikan

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000273

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      Key Points

      • Increasing isopycnal stirring warms the planet
      • Changes in heat transport do not explain this well
      • Changes in salt transport are the primary driver
    7. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A slab model of the Great Salt Lake for regional climate simulation (pages 602–615)

      C. Strong, A. K. Kochanski and E. T. Crosman

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000305

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      Key Points

      • Great Salt Lake represented as slab model coupled to regional climate model
      • Framework accounts for 97% of variance in observed lake surface temperature
      • Shallowness renders lake highly sensitive to projected air temperature changes
    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Large-scale character of an atmosphere in rotating radiative-convective equilibrium (pages 616–629)

      Xiaoming Shi and Christopher S. Bretherton

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000342

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      Key Points

      • Multiple tropical cyclone-like vortices coexist in rotating RCE on a sphere
      • Self-aggregation and baroclinic instability limit the spacing of vortices
      • The tropics is dominated by a Hadley circulation driven by eddy momentum flux
    9. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Technical note: Introduction to MIMICA, a large-eddy simulation solver for cloudy planetary boundary layers (pages 630–649)

      J. Savre, A. M. L. Ekman and G. Svensson

      Article first published online: 23 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000292

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      Key Points

      • Introduction of a new LES solver developed at Stockholm University
      • Evaluation based on a former LES intercomparison of a marine stratocumulus
      • Evaluation based on a low-level mixed-phase Arctic cloud from ISDAC
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      Self-organization of the Earth's climate system versus Milankovitch-Berger astronomical cycles (pages 650–657)

      Lev A. Maslov

      Article first published online: 23 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000312

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      Key Points

      • Temperature curve is decomposed into two parts: “cyclic” and “stochastic”
      • Two mathematical models are created and studied
      • “Cyclic” and “stochastic” components are two types of self-organization
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      Sensitivity of global terrestrial gross primary production to hydrologic states simulated by the Community Land Model using two runoff parameterizations (pages 658–679)

      Huimin Lei, Maoyi Huang, L. Ruby Leung, Dawen Yang, Xiaoying Shi, Jiafu Mao, Daniel J. Hayes, Christopher R. Schwalm, Yaxing Wei and Shishi Liu

      Article first published online: 1 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000252

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      Key Points

      • Simulated terrestrial water cycle is sensitive to runoff generation schemes
      • Hydrologic parameterizations have large impacts on the global C budgets
      • Improving hydrologic representations to constrain C cycle modeling is important
    12. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Influence of upper ocean stratification interannual variability on tropical cyclones (pages 680–699)

      Emmanuel M. Vincent, Kerry A. Emanuel, Matthieu Lengaigne, Jérôme Vialard and Gurvan Madec

      Article first published online: 5 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000327

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      Key Points

      • Downscaling method is used to test ocean variability influence on Hurricanes
      • Ocean subsurface temperature significantly influences intense Hurricane frequency
    13. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The NOW regional coupled model: Application to the tropical Indian Ocean climate and tropical cyclone activity (pages 700–722)

      G. Samson, S. Masson, M. Lengaigne, M. G. Keerthi, J. Vialard, S. Pous, G. Madec, N. C. Jourdain, S. Jullien, C. Menkes and P. Marchesiello

      Article first published online: 5 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000324

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      Key Points

      • Application of a new coupled regional climate model to the tropical Indian Ocean
      • Sensitivity to convection schemes from intraseasonal to interannual time scales
      • Role of ENSO for triggering the Indian Ocean Dipole
    14. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Restricting 32–128 km horizontal scales hardly affects the MJO in the Superparameterized Community Atmosphere Model v.3.0 but the number of cloud-resolving grid columns constrains vertical mixing (pages 723–739)

      Michael S. Pritchard, Christopher S. Bretherton and Charlotte A. DeMott

      Article first published online: 5 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000340

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      Key Points

      • Physics of MMF MJO are insensitive to near elimination of meso-beta-scale
      • The efficiency of deep convective mixing in MMFs is limited by CRM extent
      • 4x speedup of superparameterized models possible for MJO analysis
    15. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      SPITFIRE within the MPI Earth system model: Model development and evaluation (pages 740–755)

      Gitta Lasslop, Kirsten Thonicke and Silvia Kloster

      Article first published online: 5 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000284

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      Key Points

      • The SPITFIRE fire model was evaluated within the JSBACH land surface model
      • A modified wind speed response improved the spatial pattern of burned area
      • Regional gradients in burned area are driven by vegetation and fuel properties
    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Aerosol effects on cirrus through ice nucleation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5 with a statistical cirrus scheme (pages 756–776)

      Minghuai Wang, Xiaohong Liu, Kai Zhang and Jennifer M. Comstock

      Article first published online: 5 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000339

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      Key Points

      • A statistical cirrus scheme has been implemented into CAM5
      • Heterogeneous IN significantly alter the net TOA radiative fluxes
      • Aerosol effects on cirrus have a large atmospheric component of radiative fluxes
    17. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Balanced dynamics of deep and shallow Hadley circulations in the tropics (pages 777–804)

      Alex O. Gonzalez and Gabriela Mora Rojas

      Article first published online: 12 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000278

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      Key Points

      • ITCZ diabatic heating and Ekman pumping are studied using an analytical model
      • Deep diabatic heating in the inviscid interior forces a deep Hadley circulation
      • Ekman boundary layer pumping forces a shallow Hadley circulation
    18. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A multidecadal simulation of Atlantic tropical cyclones using a variable-resolution global atmospheric general circulation model (pages 805–828)

      Colin M. Zarzycki and Christiane Jablonowski

      Article first published online: 12 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000352

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      Key Points

      • Variable-resolution models can improve the representation of tropical cyclones
      • CAM produces realistic Atlantic TC climatology at 0.25° resolution
      • Addition of local refinement in CAM does not impact synoptic scales
    19. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A sensitivity analysis of cloud properties to CLUBB parameters in the single-column Community Atmosphere Model (SCAM5) (pages 829–858)

      Zhun Guo, Minghuai Wang, Yun Qian, Vincent E. Larson, Steven Ghan, Mikhail Ovchinnikov, Peter A. Bogenschutz, Chun Zhao, Guang Lin and Tianjun Zhou

      Article first published online: 13 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000315

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      Key Points

      • Most variances in cloud fields can be explained by a small number of parameters
      • Results for stratocumulus are sensitive to vertical resolution
      • Critical parameters in shallow cumulus are related to vertical velocity skewness
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      The response of US summer rainfall to quadrupled CO2 climate change in conventional and superparameterized versions of the NCAR community atmosphere model (pages 859–882)

      Gabriel J. Kooperman, Michael S. Pritchard and Richard C. J. Somerville

      Article first published online: 20 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000306

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      Key Points

      • Large-scale dynamics are critical to regional rainfall climate change responses
      • Superparameterization captures expected increases in rain and storm intensity
      • Extreme rain may be decoupled from key climate change drivers in standard GCMs
    21. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      The Specified Chemistry Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (SC-WACCM) (pages 883–901)

      K. L. Smith, R. R. Neely, D. R. Marsh and L. M. Polvani

      Article first published online: 28 AUG 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000346

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      Key Points

      • SC-WACCM is the new specified chemistry version of WACCM
      • The climate and climate variability of SC-WACCM is nearly identical to WACCM
      • The computational cost of SC-WACCM is roughly half that of WACCM
    22. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      A spectral transform dynamical core option within the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) (pages 902–922)

      Katherine J. Evans, Salil Mahajan, Marcia Branstetter, Julie L. McClean, Julie Caron, Matthew E. Maltrud, James J. Hack, David C. Bader, Richard Neale and Juliann K. Leifeld

      Article first published online: 2 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000329

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      Key Points

      • Longwave cloud forcing in T85 CAM4 is sensitive to the choice of dynamical core
      • Improved precipitation over India does not translate to improved surface stress
      • The increase in temperature extremes during NH summer is underestimated
    23. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Impacts of forest harvest on cold season land surface conditions and land-atmosphere interactions in northern Great Lakes states (pages 923–937)

      Matthew Garcia, Mutlu Özdogan and Philip A. Townsend

      Article first published online: 11 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000317

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      Key Points

      • Land cover change alters land-atmosphere energy and moisture exchange
      • Forest clearing significantly reduces winter sensible and latent heat fluxes
      • High-resolution land cover change analyses may be useful in synoptic models
    24. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Advection, moistening, and shallow-to-deep convection transitions during the initiation and propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation (pages 938–949)

      Samson Hagos, Zhe Feng, Kiranmayi Landu and Charles N. Long

      Article first published online: 11 SEP 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000335

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      Key Points

      • Large-scale vertical advection of moisture precedes convection transitions in MJO
      • The decline of drying by midlevel meridional advection plays a comparable positive role
      • The contribution of convective-scale processes and zonal advection is smaller
    25. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Damping of glacial-interglacial cycles from anthropogenic forcing (pages 950–955)

      Jacob Haqq-Misra

      Article first published online: 22 JUL 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000326

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      Key Points

      • Anthropogenic forcing can damp the 100,000 year glacial-interglacial cycle
      • A stochastic model is developed to simulate long-term climate variability
      • The cessation of ice age cycles may indicate the anthropocene epoch

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