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Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems

Cover image for Vol. 7 Issue 1

March 2015

Volume 7, Issue 1

Pages i–iv, 1–356

  1. Issue Information

    1. Top of page
    2. Issue Information
    3. Research Articles
    4. Review Article
    1. You have full text access to this Open Access content
      Issue Information (pages i–iv)

      Article first published online: 27 APR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/jame.20107

  2. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Issue Information
    3. Research Articles
    4. Review Article
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Global energy and water balance: Characteristics from Finite-volume Atmospheric Model of the IAP/LASG (FAMIL1) (pages 1–20)

      Linjiong Zhou, Qing Bao, Yimin Liu, Guoxiong Wu, Wei-Chyung Wang, Xiaocong Wang, Bian He, Haiyang Yu and Jiandong Li

      Article first published online: 16 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000349

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      Key Points:

      • Description of a new generation AGCM, developed at LASG/IAP, and designed for CMIP6
      • Evaluation the simulated global energy and water balance in the AGCM
      • Identification of possible solutions to reduce the bias
    2. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Quantitative attribution of major driving forces on soil organic carbon dynamics (pages 21–34)

      Yiping Wu, Shuguang Liu and Zhengxi Tan

      Article first published online: 16 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000361

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      Key Points:

      • Equilibrium SOC varies greatly depending on cropping and management practices
      • Fractional factorial design can help attribute contributions of driving forces
      • Residue management deserves a balance for carbon sink and biofuel production
    3. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      An approach estimating bidirectional air-surface exchange for gaseous elemental mercury at AMNet sites (pages 35–49)

      L. Paige Wright and Leiming Zhang

      Article first published online: 19 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000367

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      Key Points:

      • Compensation points for surface mercury fluxes are reviewed
      • A bidirectional air-surface exchange model is proposed
      • Net deposition of gaseous elemental mercury is simulated
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      A modified ensemble Kalman particle filter for non-Gaussian systems with nonlinear measurement functions (pages 50–66)

      Zheqi Shen and Youmin Tang

      Article first published online: 19 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000373

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      Key Points:

      • We have extended the EnKPF method to systems with nonlinear measurement function
      • The modified EnKPF is shown to perform better than the EnKF
      • This method suggests a promising direction for non-Gaussian data assimilation
    5. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Tracking gravity waves in moist baroclinic jet-front systems (pages 67–91)

      Junhong Wei and Fuqing Zhang

      Article first published online: 20 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000395

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      Key Points:

      • Ray-tracing experiments are performed to study gravity waves in moist flows
      • Convection may force new waves and modify existing dry waves induced by jet
      • Thermodynamics effect may counteract, enhance, or even take over wind effect
    6. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Putting to rest WISHE-ful misconceptions for tropical cyclone intensification (pages 92–109)

      Michael T. Montomery, John Persing and Roger K. Smith

      Article first published online: 31 JAN 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000362

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      Key Points:

      • WISHE is not the essential intensification mechanism for TCs
      • WISHE is inconsistently represented in educational material
      • Some minimal enthalpy fluxes are only needed to maintain convection
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      Decadal simulation and comprehensive evaluation of CESM/CAM5.1 with advanced chemistry, aerosol microphysics, and aerosol-cloud interactions (pages 110–141)

      Jian He, Yang Zhang, Tim Glotfelty, Ruoying He, Ralf Bennartz, John Rausch and Karine Sartelet

      Article first published online: 8 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000360

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      Key Points:

      • Comprehensive evaluation of improved CESM with surface/satellite observations
      • Comparable or better performance for improved CESM/CAM5 than CESM-CMIP5
      • Anthropogenic emissions can have sizeable impacts on radiation and climate
    8. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Numerical simulations of Hurricane Katrina (2005) in the turbulent gray zone (pages 142–161)

      Benjamin W. Green and Fuqing Zhang

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000399

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      Key Points:

      • TC simulations with and without a BL scheme are substantially different
      • TC BL features are sensitive to grid spacing and choice of SGS parameterization
      • Despite differences among LEP runs the net effect on TC evolution may be similar
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      Evaluating uncertainty in convective cloud microphysics using statistical emulation (pages 162–187)

      J. S. Johnson, Z. Cui, L. A. Lee, J. P. Gosling, A. M. Blyth and K. S. Carslaw

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000383

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      Key Points:

      • Processes driving uncertainty in convective cloud physics are identified
      • Emulation makes comprehensive sensitivity analysis of cloud models feasible
      • Aerosol effects can be smaller than many microphysical uncertainties
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      The effects of vortex structure and vortex translation on the tropical cyclone boundary layer wind field (pages 188–214)

      Gabriel J. Williams Jr.

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2013MS000299

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      Key Points:

      • Structure of wind field and secondary circulation depends on vortex structure
      • 3-D model is governed by vertical advection and vertical diffusion in inner core
      • Slab model is dominated by radial and azimuthal advection in inner core
    11. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Short-term time step convergence in a climate model (pages 215–225)

      Hui Wan, Philip J. Rasch, Mark A. Taylor and Christiane Jablonowski

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000368

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      Key Points:

      • Convergence is slow in CAM5
      • Stratiform cloud parameterizations have large errors
    12. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      An empirical model relating U.S. monthly hail occurrence to large-scale meteorological environment (pages 226–243)

      John T. Allen, Michael K. Tippett and Adam H. Sobel

      Article first published online: 20 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000397

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      Key Points:

      • Develops an empirical model to describe hail occurrence over the U.S.
      • Index is capable of capturing the interannual and seasonal variability of hail
      • Discusses the limitations of existing hail climatology from observations
    13. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Future climate change under RCP emission scenarios with GISS ModelE2 (pages 244–267)

      L. Nazarenko, G. A. Schmidt, R. L. Miller, N. Tausnev, M. Kelley, R. Ruedy, G. L. Russell, I. Aleinov, M. Bauer, S. Bauer, R. Bleck, V. Canuto, Y. Cheng, T. L. Clune, A. D. Del Genio, G. Faluvegi, J. E. Hansen, R. J. Healy, N. Y. Kiang, D. Koch, A. A. Lacis, A. N. LeGrande, J. Lerner, K. K. Lo, S. Menon, V. Oinas, J. Perlwitz, M. J. Puma, D. Rind, A. Romanou, M. Sato, D. T. Shindell, S. Sun, K. Tsigaridis, N. Unger, A. Voulgarakis, M.-S. Yao and Jinlun Zhang

      Article first published online: 24 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000403

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      Key Points:

      • Global warming ranges from 1 to 4.5°C by 2100
      • Atlantic overturning circulation decreases by 2100
      • There is a collapse of the overturning in RCP8.5 in E2-R models
    14. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Regionally coupled atmosphere-ocean-sea ice-marine biogeochemistry model ROM: 1. Description and validation (pages 268–304)

      Dmitry V. Sein, Uwe Mikolajewicz, Matthias Gröger, Irina Fast, William Cabos, Joaquim G. Pinto, Stefan Hagemann, Tido Semmler, Alfredo Izquierdo and Daniela Jacob

      Article first published online: 7 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000357

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      Key Points:

      • The regionally coupled climate model is validated for the North Atlantic
      • Ocean circulation and biogeochemistry in the northern North Atlantic
      • Atmospheric circulation and river runoff in Europe
    15. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Uncertainty quantification for a climatology of the frequency and spatial distribution of North Atlantic tropical cyclone landfalls (pages 305–319)

      S. E. Tolwinski-Ward

      Article first published online: 16 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000407

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      Key Points:

      • First explicitly spatial model for a climatology of tropical cyclone landfalls
      • Uncertainty from multiple contributing sources rigorously quantified
      • Skillful statistical model is interpretable in terms of climatic mechanisms
    16. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Self-consistency tests of large-scale dynamics parameterizations for single-column modeling (pages 320–334)

      Jacob P. Edman and David M. Romps

      Article first published online: 18 MAR 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000378

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      Key Points:

      • Self-consistency tests isolate errors due to parameterized large-scale dynamics
      • WPG and WTG pass self-consistency tests based on RCE
      • A new version of WPG eliminates an undesirable gravity-wave resonance
  3. Review Article

    1. Top of page
    2. Issue Information
    3. Research Articles
    4. Review Article
    1. You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article
      Sensitivity of decomposition rates of soil organic matter with respect to simultaneous changes in temperature and moisture (pages 335–356)

      Carlos A. Sierra, Susan E. Trumbore, Eric A. Davidson, Sara Vicca and I. Janssens

      Article first published online: 11 FEB 2015 | DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000358

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      Key Points:

      • Large uncertainties in the climate controls on decomposition
      • Higher sensitivities in warm and moist regions
      • Lower sensitivities with temperatures below the freezing point

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