To examine the effect of the exposure pattern on the inhalation toxicity of carbon tetrachloride (CCI4) two 4-week inhalation studies with this compound were carried out in male rats at basic exposure concentrations of 63 and 80 ppm and basic exposure periods of 6 hours per day, 5 days per week. The two main variables studied were interruption of the daily 6-hour exposures by 1.5 hours (2 × 3-hour exposures with a non-exposure interval of 1.5 hour), and peak loads of 5–7 times the basic concentration with or without 1.5-hour interruption of the daily 6-hour exposures. Adverse effects of CCI4 included abnormal activities of several enzymes in serum and liver, decreased quantity of microsomal proteins in the liver, increased relative liver weight, and hydropic and fatty degeneration of hepatocytes. As compared with uninterrupted, interrupted exposures increased more the activities of glutamic oxalacetic and glutamic pyruvic transaminase in serum; peak exposures only slightly affected these enzyme activities. Uninterrupted exposures caused less severe fat accumulation in and hydropic degeneration of liver cells than interrupted exposures with or without peak loads. In addition, uninterrupted exposure to 63 ppm CCI4 with peak loads resulted in more severe hydropic liver degeneration than uninterrupted exposure to the same concentration without peak loads. It was concluded that interruption of the daily 6-hour exposures by 1.5 hour did not result in less severe but rather in slightly more severe hepatotoxicity, and peak loads superimposed on a fixed concentration only slightly aggravated the toxic effects of CCI4 on the liver.