A 13-week toxicity study of acrylamide administered in drinking water to hamsters
Article first published online: 6 NOV 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Applied Toxicology
Volume 34, Issue 1, pages 57–65, January 2014
How to Cite
Imai, T. and Kitahashi, T. (2014), A 13-week toxicity study of acrylamide administered in drinking water to hamsters. J. Appl. Toxicol., 34: 57–65. doi: 10.1002/jat.2831
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 6 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 8 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 16 AUG 2012
- subchronic toxicity;
- testicular toxicity
Acrylamide (AA) is known to induce tumors in various organs/tissues in rats and mice. Epidemiological studies of oral exposure have generated controversial results but mortality studies of people who work with AA have indicated increased rates of pancreatic cancer. In the present study, for dose selection for chronic toxicity/carcinogenicity studies, 13-week toxicity of AA was evaluated in Syrian hamsters, which are sensitive to induction of pancreatic ductal carcinogenesis, at concentrations required to provide doses of 0 (control), 20, 30 and 50 mg kg–1 body weight in drinking water. Treatment with AA caused abnormal gait advancing to hind limb paralysis in all males and females at 50 mg kg–1. Body weights in 30 and 50 mg kg–1 males and 50 mg kg–1 females were lower than in the controls. At termination of the study, red blood cells (RBC) and hemoglobin (Hb) were decreased or showed a tendency for a decrease at 20 and 30 mg kg–1 in females. Microscopically, axonal/myelin degeneration of sciatic nerves was observed in all AA-treated groups with dose dependence. No obvious changes were found in pancreatic ducts/ductules in any groups of animal. These results indicated the maximum tolerated dose for long-term studies of AA to be 20 mg kg–1 or less in both male and female Syrian hamsters. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.