Detection of recombinant growth hormone by evanescent cascaded waveguide coupler on silica-on-silicon

Authors

  • Jayan Ozhikandathil,

    1. Optical Bio-Microsystems Laboratory, Dept. of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, H3G 1M8
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  • Muthukumaran Packirisamy

    Corresponding author
    1. Optical Bio-Microsystems Laboratory, Dept. of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, H3G 1M8
    • Optical Bio-Microsystems Laboratory, Dept. of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, H3G 1M8
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Abstract

An evanescent wave based biosensor is developed on the silica-on-silicon (SOS) with a cascaded waveguide coupler for the detection of recombinant growth hormone. So far, U -bends and tapered waveguides are demonstrated for increasing the penetration depth and enhancing sensitivity of the evanescent wave sensor. In this work, a monolithically integrated sensor platform containing a cascaded waveguide coupler with optical power splitters and combiners designed with S -bends and tapper waveguides is demonstrated for an enhanced detection of recombinant growth hormone. In the cascaded waveguide coupler, a large surface area to bind the antibody with increased penetration depth of evanescent wave to excite the tagged-rbST is obtained by splitting the waveguide into multiple paths using Y splitters designed with s -bends and subsequently combining them back to a single waveguide through tapered waveguide and combiners. Hence a highly sensitive fluoroimmunoassay sensor is realized. Using the 2D FDTD (Finite-difference time-domain method) simulation of waveguide with a point source in Rsoft FullWAVE, the fluorescence coupling efficiency of straight and bend section of waveguide is analyzed. The sensor is demonstrated for the detection of fluorescently-tagged recombinant growth hormone with the detection limit as low as 25 ng/ml. (© 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

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