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Keywords:

  • hyperspectral;
  • stimulated Raman scattering;
  • time-lens;
  • multivariate curve resolution;
  • nonlinear optical microscopy;
  • pulse shaper

Abstract

We demonstrate a hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscope through spectral-transformed excitation. The 1064 nm Stokes pulse was from a synchronized time-lens source, generated through time-domain phase modulation of a continuous wave (CW) laser. The tunable pump pulse was from linear spectral filtering of a femtosecond laser output with an intra-pulse spectral scanning pulse shaper. By electronically modulating the time-lens source at 2.29 MHz, hyperspectral stimulated Raman loss (SRL) images were obtained on a laser-scanning microscope. Using this microscope, DMSO in aqueous solution with a concentration down to 28 mM could be detected at 2 μs time constant. Hyperspectral SRL images of prostate cancer cells were obtained. Multivariate curve resolution analysis was further applied to decompose the SRL images into concentration maps of CH2 and CH3bonds. This method offers exciting potential in label-free imaging of live cells using fingerprint Raman bands. (© 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)