In this study, a bioactive complex containing nonwoven textile material (polypropilene (PP)/viscose), chitosan hydrogel, and lidocaine hydrochloride, was designed. The purpose of such biomedical textile was in the treatment of painful sites. Mercury intrusion porosimetry was used in order to estimate the influence of medical impregnation on porous structure of nonwoven material. It was estimated that more than 97% of pores in untreated nonwoven sample were larger than 15 μm. Anesthetic treatment of nonwoven reduced total pore volume of ultramacropores and macropores, while total pore volume of mesopores slightly increased. Lidocaine hydrochloride release from the anesthetic/chitosan hydrogel/nonwoven complex was measured in vitro by Franz diffusion cell technique. Mathematical model was developed to estimate the release of the lidocaine from obtained bioactive textile material. The diffusive transport of lidocaine hydrochloride through three connected layers, i.e., polymer hydrogel, membrane, and solution is modeled based on Fick's second law. Taking all the relevant conditions, regarding this experiment, into consideration, the coefficient of lidocaine diffusion through the polymer hydrogel, as well as the concentration ratio parameter were determined by the mathematical model. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A:, 2012.